(a) Brigade North was the Norwegian Army’s main standing regular formation and in the event of war would be deployed immediately to the Finnmark border area. Unknown to one of the Canadians, the whole time he was there, there was a very anxious gunner with a .50 caliber MG pointing at him. Unprecedented war games, involving 5,000 Norwegian troops and 400 vehicles, have started in Norway’s northernmost province, bordering Russia. A, B, C & D Service was universal and compulsory, liability commencing at the age of 18, and continuing till the age of 56. At least 2 types of StuG III were reused by the Norwegians. Teknisk Håndbok, Panserjager NM-116: Beskrivelse, Behandling, og Brukerens Vedlikehold (Eng: Technical Manual, Panserjager NM-116: Description, Treatment, and User Maintenance). This picture definitely changed with the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989 and the subsequent break-up of the Soviet Union and the Warsaw Pact. There was room in this cab for two trainees and one instructor. “during wintertime, we applied a thick white cover of chalky paint over the light green and brown areas of the camouflage. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. The Army participated in wars during the 17th, 18th and 19th century as well, both in Norway and abroad. With the T85E1 tracks, there were 75 links per-side, but with the Diehl tracks, there were 73 per-side. Jim Mesko, M24 Chaffee in Action, Squadron/Signal Publications When not in use, the turrets were covered with a camouflaged metal ‘shed’ to keep them concealed. With the end of the Cold War, Norway began to modernize its military. Firing a Hulladingsgranat M62 High-Explosive Anti-Tank (HEAT) round, the weapon was capable of defeating up to 320 mm (12.6 in) of armor, a vast improvement over the M24s original 75mm gun. The heat exchanger for the transmission and differential were installed in the engine compartment, while the exchanger for the additional gearbox was incorporated into an existing radiator. It was also light at just 20.25 tons (18.37 tonnes). Only 3 vehicles were manned at all times. The transmission and drive wheels were located at the front of the vehicle. There are also personnel in the special services where other uniforms are required. Both the military and political heads of the armed forces agreed about the weakened state of the base. The initial NM-116 ‘Panserjager’ as it appeared in 1975 during the prototype phase. Lieutenant (left) and Corporal, Norwegian Army, 1940 In 1939, after more than a hundred years of peace, Norway did not possess a large standing army and her government considered that effective national defense against a major power was impossible. The 2-7 tonnes lift capacity was more than enough to hoist the NM-116’s Detroit Diesel engine which weighed just 600 kgs (1323 lbs). Diesel engines perform better in cold temperatures and are also somewhat safer as diesel is less volatile than petrol (gasoline). Its gun simply did not have the penetrative power to combat modern armored fighting vehicles. With the surplus Panzers in storage, it was decided that it was time for them to fill a role. This Expansion for Cold War Rearmed² adds Infantry of the Royal Norwegian Army, their weapons and some vehicles. Was the period of conflict, tension and competition between the United States and the Soviet Union and their allies from the mid-1940s until the early 1990s. F/8. Hope you'll enjoy it anyway. Garden is a battalion with high standards in physical fitness, dependability, loyalty, independence, discipline, morale, sense of order, ability to lead themselves in uniform, and the ability to balance their complicated guard duty with relationship to the civilian environment. The majority of tanks that remained after their retirement from the Heimevernet were either scrapped or sent to military firing ranges. When needed, the ‘sheds’ were raised via hydraulics. DESCRIPTION: The Livonian People's Army (Ludowe Wojsko Inflanty, LWI) constituted the Livonian Armed Forces from 1946–1989. Cold War museum. Cold War. Telemark Bataljonen and The Armoured Battalion will be organized as two near identical mechanized battalions manned mainly by contract personnel, but with some conscripts. Armor on the vehicle was ¾ inch to 1 ½ inch (19 – 38 mm) thick. A hole was cut into the hull of the tanks, to which a concrete tunnel was connected, which allowed direct access to the fort, provided a protected entranceway for the crew, and allowed a direct means of ammunition resupply. Gs, that accounts for 6 StuGs. The tank in the Splinter camouflage pattern featured in this article remains on static display at the Rena Military Camp in eastern Norway. The brigade is the Norwegian Army's only major combat formation. 331 (Norwegian) Squadron defended London from 1941 and was the highest scoring fighter squadron in South England during the war. These was often dropped to the Norwegian resistance groups and British saboteurs hiding in the mountains during the war. Where it is now is unknown. The Chaffee rolled on 5 roadwheels attached to a torsion bar suspension. J, was put into storage at the Oslo Defence Museum in 1964. The Panzer III had very good mobility for its time. 3 – 1: Panzerkampfwagen III Ausf. The vehicle left Norway in the late 1940s and was located in Sweden until the 1980s. But Norwegian defence forces, special forces, navy, army, airforce and iteligence operatives were all involved in the Cold War, keeping an active eye on the Soviet Union and activities . While this upgrade program was underway, it was also decided that the upgraded Chaffee – which would receive the designation NM-116 ‘Panserjager’ (tank hunter) – would need a support vehicle. The NM-130 was the result of the same sort of dilemma; how do you provide a new tank with a new support vehicle without breaking the bank? To augment the ambush tactics used with the NM-116, the vehicles would be covered in ‘live’ camouflage. Four heat exchangers were also installed to cool the engine’s oil. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. It was operated by a 5 man crew, consisting of the commander, gunner, loader, driver and assistant driver/radio operator. It wasn’t until November 2007 that the first Fort Bjørnåsen Panzers (Fgst.Nr 74352, 66158, 76219) began to be excavated, with a second two being uncovered in August 2007. Originally built as an Ausf. Other countries that benefited from the MAP included France, Portugal, and Belgium, but also former enemy nations such as West Germany and Japan. The crane is capable of full 360-degree rotation. Dag Rune Nilsen perhaps describes it best: “I would describe the NM-130 as a fit for purpose recovery tank, and thus a very successful modification. These were the Ausführung F/8 and the Ausführung G. There were only minor differences between the two, with the Ausf. The gun had a muzzle velocity of 619 m/s (2,031 ft/s) and had a maximum penetration of 109 mm. but I did indeed witness the recovery team rescue many of my comrades. The base of the crane was then fixed to the top of this. The Home Front (Hjemmefronten) was the Norwegian resistance movement during Nazi Germany's occupation of Norway (1940–1945). This program was aimed at drastically upgrading the M24 Chaffee fleet with the introduction of a new 90 mm main gun, a new, more powerful engine, a new transmission, and various other modernizations. The 2nd Mountain Company operated in Finnmark from late 1944 under nominal Russian command. It was a small tank, at 16 foot 4 inches (5.45 m) long, 9 foot 4 inches (2.84 m) wide, and 5 foot 3 inches (2.61 m) tall. All of these variants were equipped with a coaxial and bow-mounted 7.92 mm MG 34 machine gun. We know that Fgst.Nr 74352 – known as ‘Yellow 3’, Fgst.Nr 66158 – known as ‘Yellow 2’, and Fgst.Nr 76219 – known as ‘Yellow 1’ were among them*. These were sent directly to Trandum leir, a Norwegian Army Camp (now closed) near Ullensaker. NM-116’s assigned to platoon leaders were equipped with an AN/VRC44 unit, while other tanks were equipped with the AN/VRC64. For this, four Chaffees were separated from the 116 projects. This lead the vehicle to be unofficially designated the ‘Panserjager’. A large cable-guard safety grate was also mounted at the base of the crane to protect the operator. However, during my years at (PVEsk/N), these plans were amended locally. With the mysterious origin of the StuG, it is unclear as to what condition the vehicles were in upon adoption. The Norwegian infantry was armed with the Norwegian-designed Krag-Jørgensen rifle of 6.5 mm (pictured). By 1951, the entire KW-III force had been replaced by the plentiful Chaffees. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. For this, the cable was threaded through fairleads (a device that guides a line, rope or cable) placed behind the winch drum. One of the Canadian Recon soldiers actually pissed on the vehicle’s tracks without noticing! An example of this is a bunker system was located in Harstad, in the far north of Norway. The first Panzer IIIs to see deployment in Norway were from the Panzer-Abteilung z.b.V. www.net-maquettes.com The whole unit is then swung 180 degrees so it points over the vehicle’s engine bay. This propelled the 23-tonne vehicle to a top speed of 40 km/h (25 mph). After some initial troubles due to the 1947 Paris Peace Treaty – which blocked Finland from purchasing equipment from or of German origin – a deal was agreed. In 1983, a new 4-tone ‘Splinter’ camouflage was introduced that replaced the original olive-drab paint scheme on many of the tanks. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. Four heat exchangers were also installed to cool the engine’s oil. Royal Norwegian Air Force 4. The fifth road wheel was attached to the idler wheel at the rear of the running gear. And would use its small size and good maneuverability to outflank the enemy, engage, and then withdraw along pre-arranged lanes of engagement. The cable ends in a simple clevis rather than a hook. www.armedconflicts.com Panzer IIIs Fgst.Nr 74352 (‘Yellow 3’), Fgst.Nr 66158 (‘Yellow 2’), and Fgst.Nr 76219 (‘Yellow 1’) are among them. He changed his mind when a delegation of US Marine officers found it hilarious to see Snoopy being a mascot on a Norwegian tank!”. The large pivoting crane was telescopic and could be raised or lowered by a hydraulic ram. During the war of 1643–45, the Norwegian army performed well while its Danish counterpart flopped. Eight smoke-grenade launchers or Røykleggingsanlegg (Smoke Laying Device) were added to the left and right side of the turret in two banks of four tubes. It had a strong winch, a solid crane and other tools including a welding machine. To support the new NM-116, it was also decided by the military that a new Armored Recovery Vehicle (ARV) be developed. Though nominally a neutral nation during World War I, Norway was in the unenviable position of being dependent on the warring sides for its trade. However, neither country invested in the vehicle, opting instead for less complicated upgrades for their respective M24 fleets. The NM-116 was a successful conversion, but by the end of the Cold War in the early 1990s, the tank was becoming obsolete. Cap used by Norwegian army in cold war. Operation of the boom was rather simple, with basic levers that raise, lower, swing, extend/retract the boom, and let-out/reel-in the winch cable. The use of the Panzers and StuGs allowed the recovering Norwegian army to train their first batch of tank crews and allowed them to practise and train on a scale that would have been impossible with only the initial number of M24s. The Norwegian Krag-Jørgensen repeating bolt action rifle. From a small warehouse taking wholesale orders to now operating two retail stores (Auckland and Christchurch) and a busy website serving New Zealand and the world. To ensure a cost-efficient implementation, it is necessary to focus the activities in the Army on the process of transforming the army from a large mobilization army to a smaller, professional army. Thomas Jentz, Hilary Doyle, Panzer Tracts No. One detail to mention is that the Norwegian crews kept an MG42 7.62 mm machine gun mounted on the Commander’s cupola. In 1953, the garrison of Bardufoss Airfield began to dig their 7.5 cm gun-armed Stridsvogns into static defensive positions connected to Fort Bjørnåsen, ‘Yellow 3’, ‘2’, and ‘1’ amongst them. This boosted the original armor thickness of 15 mm to 50 mm. A Norwegian pilot with the rank of lieutenant. Norway was left battered and bruised by a 5-year long German occupation (April 1940 – May 1945) that only ended with the capitulation of German forces at the end of the Second World War in Europe. This resulted in the United States prolonging their Military Aid Programs. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. As it shared a border with the Soviet Union, it was seen as a crucial partner. After a short but tense period of mobilization, Sweden bowed to the inevitable. M hull with a redesigned (and widened) superstructure. Also at their disposal were motorcycles, Willys Jeeps, and Fordson ¾-ton (.68 tonne) trucks. With the outbreak of the Napoleonic wars, Denmark-Norway and Sweden tried to remain outside the fray; but Denmark’s King Fredrik IV’s decision to align with Napoleon meant that hostilities had to reach Norway sooner or later. Much of the fleet was scrapped with the rest ‘sentenced to death’ as targets on various ranges. Army uniforms consist primarily of a field uniform for use in environments where a durable material is required, a work uniform for use in normal service, usually within and around the camp area, and a binder uniform for use during the leave. cold war translation in English-Norwegian dictionary. The crane (No: kran) chosen for the Bergepanser was the BK710MIL made by Moelven-Brug A/S – now known as CHSnor. The vehicle has since been restored to a fully operational condition. This kept Finland’s StuG fleet in operation well into the 1960s. The bulk of the Norwegian Army during the years in exile in Britain consisted of a brigade in Dumfries as well as smaller units stationed in Iceland, Jan Mayen, Svalbard and South Georgia. The hydraulically operated blade was shallow but roughly vehicle width at 2.84 meters (9 ft 4 in) and was mounted on the bow. The only full-time operator of the NM-116 was the Panserverneskadron, Brigade Nord (PvEsk/N, Eng: “Tank Squadron, Northern Brigade”). The Panzerkampfwagen III (Sd.Kfz. Norwegian Army Field Ration. The Norwegian military wanted more punch but understood that the small chassis of the M24 probably wouldn’t stand up to the punishment of the recoil force produced by a large 90 mm (3.5 in) – or larger – gun. By the 1960s, however, it was apparent that the 75 mm gun-armed Chaffee was in need of an upgrade if it was to combat the threat represented by the USSR. On the back right corner of the engine deck, there was a stowage point for extra pulleys and clevises for winching and hoisting. This led the Danish king to invite German mercenaries to coach and command the Danish-Norwegian Armed Forces: a decision echoing down the centuries in traces of Germanic vocabulary used by the Norwegian military to this day. Further upgrades included the installation of equipment racks on the rear of the turret. the.shadock.free.fr (Surviving Pz IIIs). M, it was later brought to Ausf. Those parts of the 25th that would stay in Norway would form a new unit called the “Panzer Division Norway ”. This fort was located in the grounds of the airfield, and was a system of former Luftwaffe bunkers built during WW2. However, as the war with the Soviet Union dragged on, it was decided that most of the 25th Panzer division would depart from Norway in the fall of 1943 and be moved to the Eastern Front. Two 208-liter (55 gallons) fuel tanks also gave it a greater range of 300 kilometers (186 miles) compared to the 160 kilometers (100 miles) of the original powerplant. The initial 1946 delivery consisted of just 9 vehicles. The soldiers had to participate in military drills, while providing supplementary labor to the local community when not in active service. T For the installation of the crane, a solid metal plate was welded over the turret ring. www.primeportal.net. By 1920 the army of Norway was a national militia. They did, however, get their baptism of fire in June 1941 when the Pz.Abt.z.b.V. Eager to defend themselves from the increasingly threatening Soviet Union, they activated equipment that was obsolete years before the Second World came to an end. Steel-wire tow cables were carried on the right fender, with tools such as an axe and sledgehammer carried on the hull wall above them. The original concentric recoil system (this was a hollow tube around the barrel, a space-saving alternative to traditional recoil cylinders) from the 75 mm gun was retained. The Intelligence Battalion is responsible for the intelligence-support to military operations. These tanks arrived after the Invasion of Norway and didn’t partake in any fighting. In April, the North Atlantic Treaty was signed, and NATO was born with Norway a founding member. These were reportadly recycled from F-86 Saber Fighter Jets, around 180 of which were operated by the Royal Norwegian Air Force (No: Luftforsvaret) from 1957 to 1967. Illustration of one of the 10 Stormkanon KW-IIIs (StuG IIIs) operated by Norway, this example being a StuG III Ausf. The coaxial Browning M1919 .30 Cal (7.62 mm) machine gun was replaced by a Browning AN/M3 .50 Cal (12.7 mm) machine gun. These were sent directly to Trandum leir, a Norwegian Army Camp (now closed) near Ullensaker. As a result, large areas had to be ceded to Sweden. This is because the idler was of the compensating type, meaning it was attached to the closest roadwheel by an actuating arm. They were mounted on the left and right fenders in single banks of four. Right, a Norwegian Leopard 1A5. The fifth road wheel was attached to the idler wheel at the rear of the running gear. The reason being that this unit could be described as a “field unit” and spent lots of time on exercise, far more than any other NM-116 unit previously. This allowed the vehicle to tow vehicles behind it. Chaffee., entered service in 1944, largely replacing the M3 and M5 Stuarts. Hangar 96. Early on, it operated mainly captured French Somua S35 and Hotchkiss H35 tanks but later received Panzer III and IV tanks as well as a few StuG III assault guns. These reserve vehicles were never painted in the ‘Splinter’ scheme, and were only painted in light olive green. This unit had been originally created for the invasion of Norway and was originally equipped with Panzer I, Panzer II, and Neubaufahrzeug tanks. The Royal Norwegian Air Force (RNoAF) was established by a royal decree on 1 November 1944, thereby merging the Army and Navy air forces. Vehicles belonging to Brigade Nord used the same pattern as Norway’s Leopards as, at the time, there was no official pattern provided for the NM-116. Understanding fully that the Panzers and StuGs – now renamed the Stridsvogn KW-III and Stormkanon KW-III, respectively – were all but obsolete at this point, they were not going to field them as front line tanks, but rather keep them as defensive vehicles. Ms produced and was deployed by Panzer-Grenadier Division “Grossdeutschland” on the Eastern Front in 1943. These regiments were raised between November and December 1948. Norwegian Army Field Ration. Also, while the NM-116 kept just two of the original four shock absorbers, the NM-130 kept three, with two at the front, and one at the rear. At this time, the vehicles remained in the same Olive Drab scheme used on the M24 Chaffees. Although the ar… A small dozer blade was also installed on the lower glacis. With the recycling of various parts from the stock of spare tanks, it is highly likely that many of them were artificial, being older models with later guns. The Army had been subject to great changes over the past few years: After a strong rebuilding after the war, it was downsized after the end of the Cold War… It moved up and down via two large hydraulic rams mounted above it. Ns, and 10 StuG III assault guns of Ausf. After the Second World War, as part of the United States-led Military Aid Program (MAP), Norway received around 130 M24 Chaffee light tanks to help rebuild its military. The main automotive upgrade was the replacement of the original engine with a new Detroit Diesel 6V-53T.